LimeSDR-USB Quick Test
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Receiving a signal
- 3 Transmitting a signal
The Lime Suite GUI is a powerful tool for configuring and debugging hardware platforms that are based around the LMS7002M transceiver chip. It allows you to view, edit, save and load the state of LMS7002M registers, perform board microcontroller firmware and FPGA gateware updates, and view FFT plots and configure various other on-board modules.
This guide shows how to use Lime Suite GUI to configure the LMS7002M on a LimeSDR-USB, before displaying a received signal via the FFTviewer module, and then transmitting a test signal which can be observed on a spectrum analyser. Thereby confirming operation of the board — with appropriate firmware and gateware images loaded — and Lime Suite.
2 Receiving a signal
2.1 Connect to board
1. Launch Lime Suite GUI (LimeSuiteGUI.exe on Windows or just ‘LimeSuiteGUI’ on Linux) 2. From menu bar select: ‘Options->ConnectionSettings’
3. Select the device and click the “Connect” button
2.2 Load the configuration file
1. In LimeSuite GUI click the ‘Open’ button
2. Navigate and select example INI file ‘example.ini’ 3. Lime Suite GUI should be updated with values loaded from INI file.
2.3 Change the carrier frequency
In ‘example.ini’ the receiver frequency is set to 800 MHz. To change the receiver frequency:
1. Go to the “SXR” tab in Lime Suite GUI 2. Enter desired RX frequency in the field labelled “Frequency, MHz”. 3. Press the ‘Calculate’ button.
NOTE: The minimum allowed frequency is 30 MHz.
2.4 Change the sampling rate
The sampling rate set in the ‘example.ini’ configuration file is 10 MHz.
The simplest way to change the sampling rate without changing any dividers:
1. Go to the “CLKGEN” tab. 2. Adjust the “CLK_H (MHz)” value so that it is 8 times the desired sample rate. E.g. 80 MHz CLK_H will result in 10 MHz sample rate (10 MHz RF bandwidth). 3. Click the “Calculate” button.
2.5 Viewing the signal using FFT viewer
Once the receiver frequency and sampling rate is configured, the RF signal can be observed using FFT viewer. In the ‘example.ini’ file the receiver is configured to use ‘RX1_L’ input and so the antenna should be connected to this port.
1. From the menu bar select: ‘Modules->FFTviewer’
2. Click “Start” button to start receiving samples
2.6 Receiving test signal
To enable test signal RX go to “RxTSP” tab and set input source to “Test signal”.
You can try playing around with test signal by changing TSGFCW, TSGMODE, TSGFC, CMIX values.
2.7 Changing RX gain
Rx gains can be adjusted in the “RFE” tab by changing ‘LNA’ and the ‘TIA’ values (Figure 9), and in the “RBB” tab by changing ‘PGA gain’ value.
3 Transmitting a signal
3.1 Connect to the board
1. Launch the Lime Suite GUI as before. 2. From the menu bar select: ‘Options→ConnectionSettings’ 3. Select the device to connect to and click the “Connect” button.
3.2 Load the configuration file
1. In Lime Suite GUI click the ‘Open’ button. 2. Navigate and select the example INI file ‘example.ini’ 3. Lime Suite GUI should be updated with values loaded from the INI file.
3.3 Change the carrier frequency
In ‘example.ini’ the transmitter frequency is set to 850 MHz. To change the transmitter frequency:
1. Go to the “SXT” tab in Lime Suite GUI 2. Enter the desired TX frequency in the field labelled “Frequency, MHz”. Note that the minimum allowed frequency is 30 MHz. 3. Press the ‘Calculate’ button.
4. A spectrum analyser can be used to view the TX carrier signal
3.4 Transmitting test signal
To enable TX test signal go to the “TxTSP” tab and set the input source to “Test signal”.
A spectrum analyzer can be used to view the TX test signal.
3.5 Changing TX gain
Tx gain can be adjusted in the “TBB” tab by changing the ‘Frontend gain’ value.